What is comma splice?

In written English usage, a comma splice or comma fault is the use of a comma to join two independent clauses. For example: It is nearly half past five, we cannot reach town before dark. The comma splice is sometimes used in literary writing to convey a particular mood of informality.

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What is comma splice with example?

A comma splice error occurs when sentences or independent clauses are improperly connected by a comma alone. Examples of Comma Splice Errors: The clouds were dark, we thought it would rain. I bought a coat, however, it did not fit.

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How do you identify a comma splice?

If the sentence contains two independent clauses without a linking conjunction, it is a comma splice. For example, the sentence, “I went to the store today, we were out of apples,” contains a comma splice because the clauses before and after the comma are independent, and there is no conjunction to link them.

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Why is it called a comma splice?

When you join two independent clauses with a comma and no conjunction, it's called a comma splice. Some people consider this a type of run-on sentence, while other people think of it as a punctuation error. Here's an example of a comma splice: Koala bears are not actually bears, they are marsupials.

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What is a comma splice and how can you correct it?

Comma Splices
  1. One of the easiest ways to correct comma splices is to create two separate sentences. ...
  2. Usually, a comma indicates a brief pause. ...
  3. You can also correct a comma splice by inserting a coordinating conjunction such as and, or, nor, for, or but.

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Comma Splices Explained

25 related questions found

Is comma splice a run-on sentence?

Run-on sentences and comma splices are closely related errors. A run-on sentence occurs when multiple independent clauses are unpunctuated or lack connections in a single sentence, while a comma splice occurs when a comma is used to separate two independent clauses.

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Is a comma splice wrong?

They remain standard for informal writing, especially when short, closely connected clauses are being spliced. There is nothing inherently wrong with a comma splice, although when overused or used by a tin-eared writer, they can sound like run-ons.

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What is the difference between comma splice and fused sentence?

When a sentence rambles on an on, you might end up with a comma splice or a fused sentence. There is not much difference between the two: A comma splice occurs when you've used a comma instead of a period. A fused sentence is when you squeeze together two sentences with no punctuation in between.

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When did comma splice begin?

Some authors use commas to separate short clauses only. The comma splice is more commonly found in works from the 18th and 19th century, when written prose mimicked speech more closely.

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Is the Oxford comma?

The Oxford comma is the comma placed before the conjunction at the end of a list of things. For example, in “the flag was red, white, and blue”, the Oxford comma would be the one appearing before “and”. Proponents of the Oxford comma say it's necessary for removing ambiguity in sentences.

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What is an example of a comma sentence?

Example: My teacher, however, did not believe my excuse. or My teacher did not believe my excuse, however. 2. Lists This comma rule applies to sentences where a series or list of items is given: Example: I went to the store to buy milk, eggs, and bread. or I went to the store to buy milk, eggs and bread.

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How can you avoid a comma splice and a run on sentence?

Combining Clauses to Avoid Comma Splices, Run-ons, and Fragments
  1. OPTION 1:Use a comma and a coordinating conjunction.
  2. OPTION 2: Use a semicolon.
  3. OPTION 3: Use a semicolon, transition word, and comma.
  4. OPTION 1: Use a subordinating conjunction after the independent clause.

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How do you stop a comma splice?

The simplest way to fix a comma splice is to separate the two improperly joined sentences. Simply replace the comma with a period. The two sentences may sound a bit abrupt placed one after the other, but at least they will be grammatical: I completed my essay.

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Where do you put commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses)
  1. Use a comma to separate independent clauses. ...
  2. Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase. ...
  3. Use a comma between all items in a series. ...
  4. Use commas to set off nonrestrictive clauses. ...
  5. Use a comma to set off appositives. ...
  6. Use a comma to indicate direct address. ...
  7. Use commas to set off direct quotations.

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What is a semicolon used for?

Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses in place of a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet). Make sure when you use the semicolon that the connection between the two independent clauses is clear without the coordinating conjunction.

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Is a comma splice a fragment?

Fragments: lack subjects (main nouns) or predicates (main verbs), or may be a dependent clause which has not been joined to an independent clause. Comma splices: independent clauses joined with a comma. Fused sentences: independent clauses joined with no punctuation.

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How can you tell if a sentence is grammatically correct?

Subject-Verb Agreement. In order for a sentence to be grammatically correct, the subject and verb must both be singular or plural. In other words, the subject and verb must agree with one another in their tense. If the subject is in plural form, the verb should also be in plur al form (and vice versa).

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How important is it to know about run ons comma splice and fragments?

It's important to understand how to write complete sentences and fix errors related to making complete sentences (fragments, comma splices, run-on sentences). Remember, an independent clause is a unit of meaning with a subject and a verb that can be punctuated as a complete sentence.

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Can you use a comma without a conjunction?

That is, when two independent clauses (each can stand alone as a complete sentence) are joined with a coordinating conjunction, a comma is required before the conjunction. Without the comma, the sentence is known as a run-on sentence.

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What are the 5 comma rules?

Five Comma Rules
  • Use a comma after an introductory phrase or clause. ...
  • Use commas before and after a parenthetical phrase or clause. ...
  • Use a comma to separate two independent clauses linked by a coordinating conjunction (and, but, for, nor or, so, yet) ...
  • Use a comma to separate items in a series.

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What are the 3 comma rules?

Since I made such a stink about it, let's start with this rule:
  • Use a comma between items in a series or list.
  • Use a comma between two independent clauses separated by a conjunction.
  • Use a comma between two adjectives preceding a noun.
  • Your Mission.

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What are the 4 types of commas?

There are four types of comma: the listing comma, the joining comma, the gapping comma and bracketing commas.

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Is there a comma between last name and III?

John Smith III or John Smith, III? A. Traditionally, it would be John Smith, Jr., and John Smith III. But beginning with the fourteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (1993), the recommendation is to use no commas in either case (see paragraph 6.43 of the seventeenth edition):

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