Etymology. "Romania" derives from the local name for Romanian (Romanian: român), which in turn derives from Latin romanus, meaning "Roman" or "of Rome". This ethnonym for Romanians is first attested in the 16th century by Italian humanists travelling in Transylvania, Moldavia, and Wallachia.
Rome and Romania are two different places. Rome is a city, the capital of Italy, the country and the Lazio Region. It is located on the banks of the Tiber River, and the Vatican City is located within Rome – a city within another city.
The name “Romania” comes from the Latin word “Romanus” which means “citizen of the Roman Empire.” The Parliament Palace in Romania's capital of Bucharest is the second largest building in the world, behind only the Pentagon. The building is 84m high.
The country's name, Romania, is believed to have originated from the Latin word romanus, which means "citizen of Rome." The words rumân and roman were used interchangeably until the 17th century, when the meaning of rumân became "bondsman." Today, the term is used to refer to the land area occupied by the nation.
Romania was founded in 1859 by a personal union of the Danubian principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, officially called Romania since 1866, gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877.
Romans conquer and colonize Dacia (modern-today Romania). Dacia is a province of the Roman Empire. Dacians gradually adopt numerous elements of the conquerors' language. After fighting off the barbarian Goths, most Roman troops abandon Dacia.
As the Roman Empire declined, Dacia was abandoned because of pressure from the Free Dacians and Goths. For 1000 years, numerous migrating people including the Goths, Huns, Gepids, Avars, Slavs, Bulgars, Magyars, Cumans, Greeks, Romans, and Mongols overran the territory of modern Romania.
Generally speaking, of all the Romance languages, Italian is the closest relative to Romanian, while Italian is most closely related to French.
The identity of 'Roman' was no longer connected to the Italian peninsula in any way, and so 'Rome' never came to refer to the entire peninsula. Instead, like the Romans post-Augustus, they referred to the peninsula as a whole as Italy.
Romania was once the Roman province of Dacia Traiana. As the Roman Empire collapsed and contracted, the province of Dacia Traiana was abandoned. The locals, though abandoned by their government, retained their Roman language and culture.
Romania is quite ethnically homogenous , with various sources estimating roughly 83-89% of the population are ethnic Romanian (Români). According to the 2011 census, ethnic Hungarians are the largest minority ethnic group (6.5%), with the Roma community constituting the second largest (3.3%).
So, do modern Italians come from the Romans? Well, yes, of course: but the Romans were a genetically mixed bunch and so were medieval Italians, who are closer ancestors to us than them. That's why we can say we are, today, as genetically varied and beautiful as varied and beautiful is the land we come from!
Hispania, in Roman times, region comprising the Iberian Peninsula, now occupied by Portugal and Spain. The origins of the name are disputed.
In Roman times, there was no such country as Scotland. The area of Britain now known as Scotland was called 'Caledonia', and the people were known as the 'Caledonians'. Back then, Caledonia was made up of groups of people or tribes.
Romanians in Italy (Romanian: românii din Italia; Italian: romeni in Italia or rumeni in Italia) became a significant population after 1999, due to a large wave of emigration known in Romania as Fenomenul migrației către UE (the phenomenon of migration toward the European Union).
At the beginning, immigration from Romania was mostly due to protection needs: during the presidency of Nicolae Ceauşescu, it has been estimated that around 70,000 Romanian left the country to flee from persecutions.
History. The territory of today's Romania has been part of the Italians' (especially Genoese and Venetians) trade routes on the Danube since at least the 13th century. They founded several ports on the Danube, including Vicina (near Isaccea), Sfântu Gheorghe, San Giorgio (Giurgiu) and Calafat.
The territories south of the Danube were subject to the Romanization process for about 800 years, while Dacia province to the north of the river was only for 165 years under Roman rule, which caused "a certain disaccord between the effective process of Roman expansion and Romanization and the present ethnic ...
The walls of the Callatis fortress and the ruins of a Roman edifice can still be seen close to the seafront in Mangalia, while the old port of the fortress has been covered by the sea.
Romania was never part of the USSR. However, a part of Romania known as Bessarabia on the eastern side was not only invaded but also occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940 and also from 1945 to 1989. The region was annexed to another autonomous region from Ukraine to form a country known as Moldova.
Tudor Vladimirescu, a revolutionary leader of the early 19th century, used the term Rumânia to refer exclusively to the principality of Wallachia. The use of the name Romania to refer to the common homeland of all Romanians—its modern-day meaning—was first documented in the early 19th century.
Germania (/dʒərˈmeɪni.ə/ jər-MAY-nee-ə; Latin: [ɡɛrˈmaːni.a]), also called Magna Germania (English: Great Germania), Germania Libera (English: Free Germania), or Germanic Barbaricum to distinguish it from the Roman province of the same name, was a large historical region in north-central Europe during the Roman era, ...
As with the Roman names of many European countries, Lusitania was and is often used as an alternative name for Portugal, especially in formal or literary and poetic contexts.
By 200 BC, the Roman Republic had conquered Italy, and over the following two centuries it conquered Greece and Spain, the North African coast, much of the Middle East, modern-day France, and even the remote island of Britain. In 27 BC, the republic became an empire, which endured for another 400 years.
Third Rome refers to the doctrine that Russia or, specifically, Moscow succeeded Rome and Byzantium Rome as the ultimate center of true Christianity and of the Roman Empire.