How did Jung Bahadur try to modernize administration?

During the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58 he sent a contingent of Gurkha soldiers to aid the British, thus establishing a tradition of Gurkha military service in the British army. He also did much to improve and modernize the administration of the country and revised the old penal code.

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What are the reforms of Jung Bahadur Rana?

Reforms Made by Padma Shamsher (Jung Bahadur Rana) in Nepal: Established girls' school. Started adult education. Established constitutional laws.

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What helped in the rise of Jung Bahadur Rana's power?

Various circumstances had led to the rise of Rana Regime, Some of them are: Political instability, Contact of Jung Bahadur's family with the palace, Support of East India Company, Nuptial relation with the royal family, Three Parvas(Kot Massacre, Bhandarkhal Event and Alau Event), Royal approval of 24th Shrawan 1913 BS ...

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Who was Jung Bahadur Rana and what did he do in Nepal?

Maharaja Jung Bahadur Rana was Prime Minister and virtual ruler of Nepal for approximately more than three decades between 1846 and 1877. He was a courageous man and was able to successfully overthrow his rivals, and subsequently reinforce his command in the administrative, judicial and civil affairs of the country.

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What are the social reforms done by Rana regime?

Jung Bahadur Rana tried to abolish Sati and slavery. Ranoddip Singh provided scholarship for poor Sanskrit students. Bir Shumsher established Bir Hospital in Kathmandu. Established Pharping Hydroelectricity Project.

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How Jung Bahadur Rana reclaimed Naya Muluk? Sugauli Treaty & British India: Historical Letters

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What are the achievements of Rana regime?

Ranadip established some Sanskrit school and published the first nepali calendar. Bir Shamsher constructed Bir Hospital, Singh Durbar, Vaidya Khana, Bir Library and Bir Dhara. Dev Shamsher gave the publication of Gorkhapatra and some Primary schools to the public. He established Kanya primary school for girls.

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How did Rana prime ministers contribute to reform Nepalese society?

He established several canals in Terai region and established hospitals throughout Nepal. The first railway service in Nepal, Nepal Government Railway from Raxaul to Amlekhganj, started its service in his tenure. These reforms, however, were mostly brought for the benefit of his family.

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What did Jung Bahadur do?

Jung Bahadur, also spelled Jang Bahadur, (born June 18, 1817, Kāthmāndu, Nepal—died Feb. 25, 1877, Kāthmāndu), prime minister and virtual ruler of Nepal from 1846 to 1877, who established the powerful Rana dynasty of hereditary prime ministers, an office that remained in his family until 1951.

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How did Jung Bahadur Rana increase his power each time after Kot Parva Bhandarkhal Parva and ALAU Parva?

Court massacre, commonly known as Kot Parva, was the first massacre through which Jung Bahadur Rana rose to power starting the dynastical rule of the Ranas. The mysterious death of Gagan Singh on the night of 14th September 1846 led to this massacre.

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What could be the effects of social reforms of Chandra Shumsher on Nepalese society?

Answer:Later Chandra Shumsher abolished the slavery system by law. Jung Bahadur, in 1910 had a public school called Durbar School, which was opened at Thapathali for imparting education in English to the children of his own family. Ranadip established some Sanskrit school and published the first nepali calendar.

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How did Jung Bahadur rise in power?

Jung Bahadur took control of the government after killing an alleged usurper, Gagan Singh, who was accused of plotting with the junior queen in 1846 to become prime minister by putting the queen's son on the throne.

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How did Jung Bahadur rise in power after 3 Parvas?

Kot Parva(Court Massacre)

Court massacre, commonly known as Kot Parva, was the first massacre through which Jung Bahadur Rana rose to power starting the dynastical rule of the Ranas. The mysterious death of Gagan Singh on the night of 14th September 1846 led to this massacre.

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How did the Rana prime ministers contribute to the development of education?

The Ranas kept education the exclusive prerogative of the ruling elite; the rest of the population remained largely illiterate. The Ranas were opposed to any form of public schooling for the people, although they emphasized formal instruction for their own children to prepare them for a place in the government.

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What are the economic and social achievements of Rana period list them?

Attempts were made to diversify the agricultural crops during the period of Ranas. The tea cultivation in Ilam and Sokhim, cutting forest for settlement and agriculture was given a start by Jung Bahadur at the time of his premiership. He also signed a treaty with Tibet to develop Nepal's trade.

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Why was Praja Parishad established?

The Nepal Praja Parishad (Nepali: नेपाल प्रजा परिषद) was the first attempt to form an organization to lead the revolution against the Rana dynasty in Nepal. Led by Tanka Prasad Acharya, the group was founded in 1936, and is seen as the first political party in Nepal.

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Why is the Rana regime considered important for the industrial development?

The period of Juddha Shumsher is regarded as important for development of industry of Nepal. ... During Rana period wood, leather, herbs and food grains were exported from Nepal in big quantities. The raw materials were exported even to Europe through Kolkata sea port.

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What was the outcome of the ALAU Parva?

The Battle of Alau was fought in Alau, Parsa District on 28 July 1847. It was fought between the armies of King Rajendra and Jung Bahadur Rana and in this confrontation, Jung Bahadur's army won against Rajendra's army and arrested King Rajendra.

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When did Jung Bahadur become the commander in chief of army?

However, on 14 June 1837, the King took over the command of all the battalions put in charge of various courtiers, and himself became the Commander-in-Chief.

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Why was Bhandarkhal Parva occurred?

The assassination of Rana Bahadur Shah triggered a great massacre in Bhandarkhal (a royal garden east of Kathmandu Durbar) and at the bank of Bishnumati river.

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Why did Jung Bahadur maintain nuptial relation with the royal family?

Explanation: n order to strengthen relation with the royal family, Jung Bahadur married Prime Minister Fattejung Shah's sister Hiranyagarva Kumari. ... These relations helped Jung Bahadur to rise to stately social status and he could get more power in his hand.

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Was the rise of Junga Bahadur Rana the demand of contemporary situation give reason?

Explanation: Due to such foreign relationship inconsistency in government and prime ministers, sefish steps of queen and frequent internal conflict, the country was in trouble. Therefore, the rise of Jung Bahadur Rana was a need of time.

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Why do you think there were conspiracies against Jung Bahadur?

Answer: Queen Rajyalakshmi wanted to make her son, Ranendra Bikram shah, a king instead of Surendra Bikram Shah, the legitimate crown prince. But Jung Bhadur was deadly against it so she hatched a plot to kill Jung Bahadur.

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What social effect was brought by Rana rule in the history of Nepal?

Ranadip established some Sanskrit school and published the first nepali calendar. Bir Shamsher constructed Bir Hospital, Singh Durbar, Vaidya Khana, Bir Library and Bir Dhara. Dev Shamsher gave the publication of Gorkhapatra and some Primary schools to the public. He established Kanya primary school for girls.

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How did Rana regime end?

The last phase describe the authors was the succession of Juddha Shamsher to Prime Ministership in 1931 to 1951, the year Rana regime ended with Mohan Shamsher Rana, as the last Prime Minister of Rana Oligarchy which for 104 years reduced the Monarchy to a figure head of the Nepali state.

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What was the main cause of Kot Parva?

The Kot Massacre (Kot Parva) took place inside palace. It happened when Junga Badhur Rana and his brothers killed Prime Minister and the relative of king , Chautariya Fateh Jang Shah along with 40 members of the Nepalese Palace court in Kot Massacre .

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